May 24, 2016
Life outside the big house – A chance for reform
The Queens speech set out a proposal for prisoners to spend weekends in jail and live at home the rest of the time, therefore enabling them to keep full-time jobs during the week.
These proposed reforms to the prison system include plans to make them into “places of rehabilitation”, in a drive to increase “life chances” for everyone.
The Prime Minister hopes that the move will “revolutionise” sentencing by enabling prisoners to keep full-time jobs during the week and spend their weekends in custody. However it may lead to a backlash from Conservative MPs over “soft justice”.
What is the current law around offenders and ex- offenders?
You can’t automatically refuse to employ a person just because they have a previous criminal conviction.
Under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974, convictions can be erased from an individual’s record after a period of time. Such offences are then considered ‘spent’ and there is no obligation on the applicant to declare them.
During the recruitment process you may ask job applicants to disclose any unspent convictions, but cannot ask job applicants questions about spent convictions, nor expect them to disclose any spent convictions.
What counts as a spent conviction?
Convictions with a sentence of 4 years or less become spent after a ‘rehabilitation period’ that is dependant on how severe the penalty was.
|Custodial sentence||Rehabilitation period (from end of sentence)|
|0 – 6 months||2 years|
|6 – 30 months||4 years|
|30 months – 4 years||7 years|
|more than 4 years||Never|
|Non-custodial sentence||Rehabilitation period (from end of sentence)|
|Community order||1 year|
|Fine||1 year (from date of conviction)|
The rehabilitation period is halved if the person was under 18 when convicted (except for sentences of up to 6 months where it’s the sentence period plus 18 months).
Simple cautions become spent immediately. Conditional cautions become spent after 3 months.
Certain areas of employment are excluded from the rehabilitation rules, particularly health care, education and social services.
If the job you are recruiting for requires a criminal record check and is therefore exempt from the above legislation, employees will need to complete a DBS (Disclosure and Barring Service ) check before commencing employment.
For more information on applying for a DBS Check contact www.gov.uk/disclosure-barring-service-check/overview.
If the job you are recruiting for requires a criminal record check, and this shows that someone is not suitable for a job because of a spent conviction or caution, the employer can withdraw a job offer. The employer should tell the applicant that an exception applies.